Bordeaux Pomerol
Pomerol is the smallest of all the major Bordeaux wine producing appellations. There are only 800 hectares under vine, give or take a hectare here or there. Currently, close to 150 different chateaux produce Pomerol wine. The old adage proves true here, good things do come in small packages. Pomerol is the home for some of the most expensive, sought after wines in the world. Petrus, Chateau Lafleur and Le Pin are within walking distance of each other. Yet, casual visitors to the region would not know it. There are no properties with a grand chateau. The area is humble and charming. Some of the top chateau do not have signs or markings of any type on their property to let you know you are there, or even how to get there.
Pomerol is one of the world’s most collectible wine regions. But this is a recent phenomena in many ways.  First, while the closest region geographically, St. Emilion, was first planted by the Romans, what was to become Pomerol was ignored.  When St. Emilion began producing wine in the early 1300′s and exporting the wines to England, Pomerol remained an after though,t as the region was not yet fully under vine. Pomerol began to develop as a wine producing commune in the 1700′s.  At that point farmers slowly began switching their crops from wheat and produce, to growing grapes for wine. The clay, gravel and sandy soils were so poor, this was a propitious move, as it was difficult to grow much of anything else. At the start of the 1700′s, only a small amount Pomerol was under vine. By the end of the century, over 400 hectares were thriving with grape vines!  By the early 1800′s Pomerol was an active wine producing appellation.  While some early growers made white Bordeaux wine, they were far and few between. The production of white wine was phased out by the very early 1800′s.

The Pomerol appellation and its boundaries were officially created in 1928. It remains unchanged since that time. Pomerol, which is located just due west of St. Emilion has a variety of different terroirs that range in quality and help create a myriad of diverse expressions of Pomerol wine. The best estates are located on what is referred to as the Pomerol plateau. The Pomerol plateau is filled with different types of clay and iron deposits in the terroir. The Pomerol plateau, located in the north east portion of Pomerol is roughly bordered by the road from Libourne to Montagne St. Emilion, the N89 to Perigueux, the Catusseau village and the Barbanne river.

The Pomerol plateau is the home to all the best Pomerol producers. Inside the Pomerol plateau, the quality of the terroir varies, due to differences in the soils, slopes and exposures, the terroir of the Pomerol plateau is a complex blend of gravel, clay, sand, crasse de fer and iron oxide.

There are several types of clay in the soils of Pomerol. But the famous blue clay of Pomerol is considered the best terroir in Pomerol.  The button or circle of blue clay resides in an inexact circle in the north east corner of the Pomerol plateau. What makes the most famous wine of Pomerol, Petrus, unique, is that the vineyard is planted on close to 100% blue clay. This blue clay only exists at Petrus. No other vineyard in the world has that wealth of blue clay. The blue clay is incredibly dense, making it almost impossible for the vines to penetrate.  Petrus is the only Pomerol producer with close to 100% of their vines centered on buttonhole of Smectite clay.  However, other estates located in the general vicinity have some of their vines planted on that small area of blue clay as well, including Vieux Chateau Certan and L’Evangile.